Terpenes

When you purchase hemp, you may find yourself sticking your nose into it and breathing deep. You will observe that these fresh flowers may smell like funky cheese, lemon, pine trees, sweet blueberries, and many other wonderful combinations.

The clear and definite smell of each strain is caused by the Terpenes. So, it’s advantageous for you to have some basic knowledge about Terpenes before making your choice. Terpenes also offers a delightful effect on your body and mind after ingesting the plant.

What you smell are Terpenes, and the basic knowledge of Terpenes will increase your awareness of the hemp plant. It can also help you in choosing the best strain for your choice whether you want to use it as a recreational consumer or like a medical patient.

So, let’s go deeper to understand what are Terpenes? How do they affect us?

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are aromatic compounds mostly found in the oils of multiple fruits and plants like hops, oranges, pepper, and cannabis. This is the compound that attracts flies like honey bees, butterflies, and other smaller insects like ants.

Female plants produce trichomes which are organs that looks like hairs and tiny thorns. These trichomes surrounds various chemical entities like Terpenes and cannabinoids. This means, if a plant grows perfectly and remain untouched in the whole processing method, you will get exceptional results with its natural color, flavor, and smell.

There are various types of terpenes in a cannabis plant. These terpenes hold a number of medical benefits as well. If you smell the different strains at the time of purchasing, good knowledge of Terpenes and Cannabinoids may be helpful in choosing the perfect strain for you.

Modern studies and researches are suspected more than 100 individual Terpenes in the cannabis plant. Each of them have their own particular smells and effects on a consumer’s body and brain.

How do Terpenes Affect you?

The specific scent and flavor of a hemp strain are suspected by the profile of its Terpenes. This profile also tally that how a strain will affect you.

Some of the Terpenes like with a flora or citrusy taste may provide relaxation and stress relief. While others, which have woodsy, or piney taste may enhance energy level and improve concentration power.

The presence of other Cannabinoids and Terpenes can alter the mental and physical effects of any Terpene. All the compounds derived from hemp plant work together to deliver the Entourage effect.

While this can make it difficult to predict exactly what effect a specific cannabis strain may have on the individual consuming it, understanding the different terpenes and their benefits provides a good general idea of how each strain may affect you.

What are the main Terpenes found in Hemp plant? 

While there are over 100 terpenes identified in cannabis so far, there are 6 common ones whose effects are best understood.

Each cannabis consumer’s interaction with terpenes and cannabinoids can result in a different effect and there is a lot of research yet to be done. However, the following terpenes and their effects are the most widely experienced.

Limonene

  • Aroma:
    • Citrus
    • Orange
    • Lemon
  • Effects:
    • Improves mood
    • Relieves stress
  • Medical Benefits:
    • Anti-anxiety
    • Anti-depressant
    • Anti-fungal
    • Relieves nausea
    • Calms gastric reflux

Pinene

  • Aroma:
    • Pine
    • Fresh mountain air
    • Slightly woody
  • Effects:
    • Boosts energy
    • Improves concentration
    • Enhances memory
  • Medical Benefits:
    • Opens breathing pathways
    • Anti-inflammatory

Myrcene

  • Aroma:
    • Musky
    • Herbal
    • Metallic
  • Effects:
    • Improves relaxation
    • Assists with sleep
  • Medical Benefits:
    • Anti-inflammatory
    • Muscle relaxant
    • Pain relief

Linalool:

  • Aroma:
    • Floral
    • Sweet
  • Effects:
    • Calming
  • Medical Benefits:
    • Anti-anxiety
    • Anti-depressant
    • Assists with sleep
    • Pain relief
    • Anti-bacterial

B-Caryophyllene:

  • Aroma:
    • Spice
    • Woody
    • Peppery
  • Effects:
    • Soothes stress
  • Medical Benefits:
    • Antiseptic
    • Antifungal
    • Antibacterial
    • Analgesic
    • Anti-tumor

Humulene:

  • Aroma:
    • Woody
    • Earthy
    • Herbal
    • Spice
  • Effects:
    • Appetite suppressant
  • Medical Benefits:
    • Anti-inflammatory
    • Anti-bacterial
    • Pain relief

How to get the best strain for you?

Keep in mind that terpene profiles can sometimes vary widely from harvest to harvest due to differences in the cultivation techniques and environment.  

Familiarity with terpene profiles will also help you find an alternate strain when your favorite strain isn't available.

Budtenders are always a great resource for this, since they may have either sampled the strain themselves or will have gotten feedback from customers who have.

If all else fails, you can always follow your nose. If a strain smells good to you, that may be nature’s way of telling you that you’ve found your match.